Our planet is filled with beautiful and weird species of huge and petite animals. As miniature animals always seem cute and get special attention of human beings, scientists always made efforts to discover new species of small creatures to satisfy the inquisitive nature of people. It is interesting to note that various domestic animals we see daily in their normal sizes, as well have their miniature family members. This article will definitely enhance your knowledge about the discoveries of smallest animals in the world.
Here is a comprehensive list of 40 smallest animals found all over the world.
1. Royal Antelope
The Royal Antelope is the smallest species from the antelope family. Its height is only 10 to 12 inches and its weight is around 10 pound. It can easily fit on the palm of person’s hand. They are usually found in brown color. They are shy and love to live in dense forests. West African forests are their home town.
2. Brookesia Micra Chameleon
Brookesia Micra Chameleon is the smallest chameleon in the world and is found in north Madagascar.Its normal length is 30 mm and can easily stand on the tip of match stick. During day time they live in leaf litter. Its habitat is not protected due to illegal logging, which is not a good sign for the survival of this smallest reptile.
3. Bumblebee Bat
Also known as Kitti’s hog-nosed bat, it is the smallest bat species in the world. Weighing less than 2 grams, it is also the smallest mammal in the world. It occurs in Kanchanaburi Province of west-central Thailand and also in south-east Myanmar. It was first described in 1974. Female bumblebee bats give birth to a single offspring each year.
4. Satomi’s Pygmy Seahorse
Satomi’s pygmy seahorse is the smallest seahorse in the world. Named after Miss Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the first specimens, it has an average length of 0.54 in and height of 0.45 in. Male Satomi’s pygmy seahorse has a brooding pouch where the female deposits eggs and then male fertilises and incubates them. Satomi’s pygmy seahorse is so tiny that it was just discovered recently in 2008. It is found in Derawan Islands, Indonesia and northern Borneo.
5. Pink Fairy Armadillo
Also known as Pichiciego, it is the smallest armadillo in the world. It is found in central Argentina. It can survive in both dry grasslands and sandy plains. Its overall body length is just 12 to 15 cm. Pink fairy armadillo is known as Sand Swimmer, as it spends much of its time under the ground. There are 20 different species of armadillo, all found in New World.
6. Virgin Islands Dwarf Gecko
The Virgin Islands Dwarf Gecko is the smallest among all of lizard family. From snout to vent, its length is 18 mm and normal weight is 0.15 g. Dwarf Geckos are same in the size to a U.S. coin. Very little is known about biology of this smallest lizard in the world. They are found in three British Virgin Islands, namely, Virgin Gorda, Tortola and Mosquito Island.
Chihuahua dogs belong to the smallest dog family of the world. They are found in Mexico. There are two main varieties of Chihuahua in existence, long haired and short haired. One is commonly called apple head and the other one is called deer head but the apple head is recorded as a smallest dog in the world.
A Chihuahua called Milly, from Dorado, Puerto Rico, is the smallest living dog with a height of just 3.8 inches!
8. Speckled Padloper Tortoise
Speckled Padloper Tortoise is the smallest tortoise in the world. It is found in South Africa. Female Speckled tortoise is larger than male of the species with a body length of 10 cm while males can grow up to 8 cm. They weigh about 95 to 165 g, depending on sex of individual. Main threats to Speckled Padloper Tortoise are loss of habitat, poaching for the pet trade, introduction of highways and new predatory species.
9. Dwarf Sloth
Also known as pygmy three-toed sloth or monk sloth, it is the smallest sloth in the world. Sloths are sluggish and very shy animals. This pygmy sloth is endemic to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, a small island off the coast of Panama. It is almost forty percent smaller than its mainland family members. This is the most endangered species of sloth, as it has very restricted range on a tiny island.
10. Baluchistan Pygmy Jerboa
Baluchistan pygmy jerboa is among the smallest mammals in the world. Endemic to Pakistan, it is also smallest rodent in the world. It is just like miniature version of a kangaroo and occurs in desert of Chaghi district in south-western Baluchistan. Also known as dwarf three-toed jerboa, it was tied by Guinness World Records with the African pygmy mouse for the World’s smallest species of rodent, but it is even slightly smaller in dimensions as compared to African pygmy mouse.
Baluchistan pygmy jerboa has also less weight than African pygmy mouse. Adult females weigh just 3.75 g.