Man is curious and creative by nature. He loves to create astonishing and strange stuff from the very first days of human life on earth. That’s why human history is filled with different man-made wonders. However, here we will not discuss the old wonders but the latest engineering marvels that have created positive impacts on human life. Yes, we are talking about bridges, tunnels or the railway lines that connect countries, buildings standing on earthquake plates, spacecrafts that are exploring space for the benefit of mankind. These things are result of human efforts and the skill of engineering or technology that made human life easier. Check out top ten modern engineering marvels of the world.
Pan-STARRS is an acronym of Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System. This innovative telescope is developed at the Astronomy Institute of Hawaii University for the purpose of observing full available sky. Small mirrors are combined with huge digital camera to produce inexpensive observing system. Major objective of this telescope is to discover earth approaching objects, such as asteroids and comets that can destroy our planet.
9. North European Gas Pipeline
North European gas pipeline consists of two parallel lines. This is a natural gas pipeline embedded under the sea between Russia and Germany. It is the worlds longest sub-sea pipeline, surpassing the Langeled pipeline. Its length is 1,222 kilometres (759 mi). This project was inaugurated in November 2011.
8. Euro Tunnel
Euro tunnel links England to France. Its length is 31 miles. Its specialty is that, it is constructed under the sea and its 23 mile is under water. It is managed and operated by the S.A. Groupe Eurotunnel. This group was formed in 1986 for tunnel’s construction in Europe.
7. Burj Al Arab
Burj Al Arab (Tower of the Arabs) is luxurious hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. This skyline building is icon of Dubai. It is one of the tallest hotels in the world, only four hundred feet shorter than Empire State building. It is constructed on an artificial island. Its shape is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Chief Architect of Burj al Arab Hotel was Tom Wright of Atkins.
6. Three Gorges Dam
Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam located in China that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping. It has world’s largest instantaneous generating capacity (22,500 MW). The dam not only fulfills the energy requirements of area but also has flood storage space. Its construction was started in 1994 and completed in 2008. It became fully functional in 2012.
5. Palm Islands
Another great example of modern engineering marvels are palm Islands. These are the worlds biggest artificial islands that are located in Dubai. The islands are the Palm Jumeirah and the Palm Jebel Ali. These consists of 1500 villas containing every possible facility of life. The islands were constructed by adopting rainbowing process in engineering, because of rainbow-like arcs produced in the air when the sand is sprayed.
4. Bailong Elevator
This is highest and also the heaviest outdoor elevator in the world. Located in China, it is commonly known as Hundred Dragons Elevator. Its length is 1,070 feet (330 m) high. It takes only two minutes to ride from bottom to top. It can carry fifty people in one trip. This wonderful project was started in 1999 and was opened in 2002 for public.
3. Akashi Kaikyo Bridge
At 1,991 metres (6,532 ft), the Akashi Kaikyo bridge has the longest central span of any suspension bridge in the world. Also known as the Pearl Bridge, it is located in Japan and connects the city of Kobe on the mainland of Honshu to lwaya on Awaji Island. One of the best examples of modern engineering marvels, Pearl Bridge was opened in 1998.
2. Beijing National Stadium
Also known as the Bird’s nest, Beijing National Stadium is the world’s largest structure made of steel. This master piece is designed by two Swiss architects, Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. It was constructed for 2008 summer Olympics and Paralympics. It is among the most energy-efficient and environmentally friendly stadiums in the world. During winter, underground geothermal pipes heat the indoor sections of the stadium. Underground cisterns of stadium collect and store rainwater for irrigation and for use in restrooms.
1. Millau Viaduct
Tallest bridge in the world, Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge located in southern France. Its height is 343.0 metres (1,125 ft) and has total length of 2460 m. Opened in December 2004, this amazing modern engineering marvel also won the Outstanding Structure Award of IABSE (International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering) in 2006.