A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth by over 10,000 feet (3,000 m). Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. Here are top 10 Highest Mountains in the world.
10. Annapurna I
Located in Nepal, in the Himalayan range, it is tenth highest mountain in the world. The first climber who reached on the top of this mountain was French climber, Louis Lachenal, in 1950.
9. Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is ninth highest mountain in world. It is located in Pakistan. It also belongs to the Himalayan range. Its base camp is very beautiful. Nanga Parbat is one of the eight-thousanders, with a summit elevation of 8,126 metres (26,660 ft). Dhaulagiri is its parent mountain. An Austrian climber, Hermann Buhl, was the first person who reached on the top of this mountain in 1953.
Manaslu is also located in Nepal and belongs to the Himalayan range. With the height of 8,163 meter, it is on the eighth number in list of worlds highest mountains. Cho Oyu is the parent mountain of Manaslu.
7. Dhaulagiri I
Dhaulagiri I, the parent mountain of Nanga Parbat is seventh highest mountain in the world. The mountain’s name is (dhaulāgirī) in Nepali. This comes from Sanskrit where (dhawala) means dazzling, white, beautiful and (giri) means mountain. Its parent mountain is K2, the second highest mountain in the world.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu, the parent mountain of Manaslu is the sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres (26,906 ft) above sea level. It is located in Nepal and again occurs in the Himalayan range. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. Its parent mountain is Mount Everest, highest mountain in the world.
Its height is 8,463 meter and it is located in Nepal in the Himalayan range, the greatest mountain range of the world. Makalu was first climbed on May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco.
Having height of 8,516 meter, it is located at the border between Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal. In Tibetan language, Lhotse means “South Peak”. The parent mountain of Lhotse is Mount Everest.
Kangchenjunga is on the third number in worlds highest mountains list and is located on the boundary between Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim. After its five high peaks, it is also known as Five Treasures of Snow. It has an elevation of 28,169 feet (8,586 metres). In 1955, Joe Brown and George Band made the first ascent.
K2, the second highest mountain in the world is located on the border between Pakistan and China in Karakoram Range. Its height is 8,611 meter (28,251 ft). In 1954, an Italian expedition finally succeeded in ascending to the summit of K2. Due to the extreme difficulty of ascent, it is also known as the Savage Mountain.
1. Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also located in Nepal. It has height of 8,848 m (29,029 ft). This mountain also belongs to the Himalayan range. On 29 May 1953, Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer, Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers confirmed as having reached the summit of Mount Everest.